Board of Trustees
She is a popular and award-winning Czech theatre, film and television actress. After marrying President Václav Havel in 1997, she accompanied him on official engagements as first lady and was actively engaged in charity work. In 1997 she founded the Dagmar and Václav Havel Foundation VIZE 97, of which she is chairwoman of the Board of Trustees. She is a member of Femmes d’Europe and is honorary chairwoman of the Czech Committee for UNICEF. She is an active member of several other Czech and international charity organisations. Alongside her charity work she has recently returned to acting. More information: www.havlova-veskrnova.com/
Michaela Bakala is a Czech philanthropist and entrepreneur. Since 2013 she has been co-owner of the company BM Management, which administers her and her husband’s investments in the Czech Republic. At the BMM group she is focused on developing the Luxury Brand Management business group, which is seeking to become a leader on the luxury goods market in Central Europe. She also manages the strategic development of the Forum Karlín multifunctional hall and complex and is a member of the Board of Directors of the company Economia, which is the leading publisher in the economics field in the Czech Republic and is centred in the most modern newsroom in Prague. Since 2009 she has been closely involved in the activities of the Zdenek Bakala Foundation (in the role of chairwoman of the Board of Trustees), which provides talented Czech students with grants to study at prestigious foreign universities. In 2012 she became a member of the Board of Trustees of the Václav Havel Library. She was involved in the foundation of Aspen Institute Prague, a branch of the prestigious American policy studies organisation; it represents a Central European forum for broad discussion and a search for solutions across the political spectrum, with a particular accent on education and supporting future leaders. In 2004 Michaela Bakala capitalised on her experience in the fields of modelling, production and communication when she set up the Česká Miss beauty contest. Over a 10-year period she was the director of the competition, building Česká Miss into an exclusive label and a popular event whose winners represent the Czech Republic abroad. For eight years Michaela Bakala also pursued a career in the profession of public relations. She served as head of communications at a multinational company and for a leading Czech political party. She also set up her own PR agency. During her studies at Prague’s FAMU film school she was involved in the production of the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival.
My name is Dr. Iva Brožová and I was born on 7.3.1951 in Brno in the then communist Czechoslovakia as the daughter of an RAF airman. After attending nine-year primary school and completing my school leaving examinations at a three-year grammar school I continued my studies at the Faculty of Law at J. E. Purkyně University in Brno – now Masaryk University. I graduated in 1974 after passing my state final examinations with a 1.0 average, simultaneously earning a first-class university diploma. In 1975 I completed my thesis and received the title doctor of law. Following my university studies I worked as a legal apprentice and later as a judge at the Municipal Court in Brno. In view of my results as a student, I also became the youngest external teacher at the faculty of law. When my thesis arose in discussions on postgraduate research conditional on membership of the Communist Party, which I refused, the faculty ceased working with me and I encountered numerous difficulties at court. For several years I was tasked as a judge with handling matters of an administrative nature (savings bank issues). I remained at the Municipal Court in Brno until 1990. An official letter from the dean of the Faculty of Law on 15.3.1990 made me a rehabilitated teacher as it found that my activities had been – I quote – “summarily ended as the result of political discrimination”. From 1.5.1990 I worked as judge at the Regional Court in Brno. On 1.3.1992 I began serving as an advisor to Prof. Dr. Jiří Malenovský, then a judge at the Czechoslovak Constitutional Court and today a judge at the European Court of Justice. After the dissolution of the federation in January 1993 I returned to the Regional Court in Brno. On 15.6.1993 I was appointed a Constitutional Court judge by the president of the Czech Republic. In 1998 I studied for one term at the University of Essex’s Human Rights Centre under Prof. Kevin Boyle. On 9.12.1999 I became a judge of the Czech Supreme Court; from 1.1.2000 I was chairman of the college of civil and commercial judges at the Supreme Court. On 20.3.2002 I was appointed chairwoman of the Czech Supreme Court by president Václav Havel. I was dismissed from the post on 30.1.2006 by a decision of president Václav Klaus. The Czech Constitutional Court revoked the president’s decision on 12.9.2006. In connection with a change in the law on courts and judges I resigned as chairwoman of the Supreme Court on 22.1.2015 with the aim of allowing my replacement to create a team of their own.
Gabriel Eichler, founder and senior partner in the company Benson Oak, has held executive positions in banking and industry in the USA and Europe. Established in 1991, Benson Oak is the oldest “investment banking boutique” in the Czech Republic and is now chiefly focused on direct investment. Mr. Eichler is deputy chairman (and former executive chairman) of the supervisory board of AVG Technologies, which he helped become the first Central European company to trade on the New York Stock Exchange. At the request of the company’s bank lenders, Mr. Eichler was elected chairman of the board, president and CEO of VSŽ, the largest steel company in Central Europe. He held those positions until 2001. He led the company from the edge of bankruptcy to profitability before subsequently negotiating its sale to US Steel. From 1994 to 1998 he was deputy chairman of the board and chief financial officer of ČEZ. Under his leadership, ČEZ became the first company in post-communist Europe to acquire rating (investment grade) and the first to access the Euromarkets and the US capital markets. He gained international banking experience at Bank of America where he spent 15 years, as chief international economist at the bank’s headquarters in San Francisco and as regional general manager for Bank of America in Paris, Vienna and Frankfurt. He was chair or member of several international sovereign debt restructuring committees and was also a member of the board of directors of Ness Technologies (Nasdaq), deputy chairman of the supervisory board of ČSOB and a member of the supervisory boards of Česká pojišťovna and Slovenská sporitelna, a member of the board of directors of the EastWest Institute and the Atlantic Council of the USA. In the early 1990s he was advisor to the Czechoslovak government on issues surrounding economic transformation. Mr. Eichler was born in 1950 in Bratislava and studied economics and international relations at universities in the US and Canada between 1968 and 1975.
Until 1991 she worked as a reporter for Czechoslovak Television on the programmes Nad dopisy diváků (Viewer’s Letters), Vysílá studio Jezerka (Studio Jezerka Broadcasting), Pojďte s námi nakupovat (Come Shopping with Us) and also the famous Sondy (Probes). It was while shooting Vysílá studio Jezerka in 1991 that she met the founder of the Charter 77 Foundation, František Janouch. František Janouch offered her a place in the small team at the foundation, which was just moving from Stockholm to Prague. She had the opportunity to organise the first large-scale collection for Konto MÍŠA, which played a very significant role in the creation and shaping of the non-profit sector in the Czech Republic. She has also been involved in the foundation’s other projects, with Konto Bariéry (Barriers Account), Ostrovy života (Islands of Life) and Počítače proti bariérám (Computers Against Barriers) ranking among the most important. Since 2002 she has been executive director of the Charter 77 Foundation.
Martin Palouš (1950) studied natural sciences, philosophy and international law. He was one of the first signatories of Charter 77 and became its spokesman in 1986. From the start of the 1990s he has worked at universities at home and abroad and is at present a visiting professor at the Florida International University in Miami. In the years 1994 – 1998 he chaired the Czech Helsinki Committee, while he twice served as deputy Czech minister of foreign affairs (1990 – 1992 and 1998 – 2001). Between 2001 and 2005 he was Czech ambassador to the United States and from 2006 to 2011 was the Czech Republic’s permanent representative at the UN.
He has published dozens of papers on philosophical, social science and international law issues in the Czech Republic and abroad, and has translated works by Hannah Arendt and Eric Voegelin.
Jacques Rupnik is a Director of Research at the Centre for International Studies and Research at Sciences-Po, Paris and the Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges. He has been Visiting Professor at several European universities and at Harvard, and was Executive Director of the International Commission on the Balkans. He was consultant to the European Commission (2007–2010), member of the Independent International Commission on Kosovo (1999–2000) and is a Member of the Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation in The Hague since 2010. He has focused on democratization and European integration of East and Central European countries and nationalism and post-conflict reconciliation in the Balkans and has published several books on this topic. Dr. Rupnik completed his M.A. in Soviet studies at Harvard University (1974), and his Ph.D. at Université de Paris – Sorbonne (1978).
Nina Smitová graduated from the Faculty of Law of Prague’s Charles University (1999–2004) and undertook postgraduate studies in international public law, EU law and comparative law at the Diplomatic Academy in Vienna (2005–2006). She defended her thesis at the Department of International Law at Prague’s Charles University in 2007. She is currently on maternity leave.
Milan Šimečka, born 3.11.1957 in Bratislava, grew up in the family of the dissident and novelist Milan Šimečka. Until 1989 he was active in the literary dissent, publishing several books in samizdat and serving as editor at the Slovak samizdat magazine Fragment K. After 1989 he was editor-in-chief of the Slovak publishing house Archa, from 1999 to 2006 he was editor-in-chief of the Slovak daily SME, and from 2006 to 2008 he was editor-in-chief of the Czech weekly Respekt, where he is today an editor and reporter. He goes under the signature Martin M. Šimečka, is married with two children, and lives in Prague and Bratislava.
Board of Supervisors
Ondřej Jonáš studied mathematics at Harvard University. He holds a Ph.D. in probability theory and statistics and a bachelor’s degree in political science. He lectured at Harvard and Princeton for several years. In the 1980s he was at the investment bank Goldman Sachs before later working for the Salomon Brothers investment bank and at the Federal Reserve. He co-founded the investment bank JFC, which specialises in investment and financial consultancy for Central Europe.
From 1995 he worked for the American legal firm Clifford and Chance. He subsequently completed postgraduate studies in International Commercial Law at the Asser Institute in the Hague.
He graduated from Brno’s Masaryk University (formerly UJEP), where he studied operational research and systems theory. After briefly working in research into the theory of structure he joined the central bank in 1991. Five years later, at the age of 29, he became the youngest member of the Bank Board of the Czech National Bank. In December 2000 he was appointed vice-governor. From 2008 to 2014 he was director of Deloitte CR. In 2014 he was elected a member of the European Parliament for TOP09/STAN.